History and evolution of the BMW 2002
History and evolution
This was the original version of 2002, was announced in the European market in January 1968 and in the U.S. two months later. Originally the first 2002 came with the same equipment from 1600-2, but then in April 1968, it added a sporty steering, seat belts, tachometer, reclining front seats as 1600ti version. These additions and sales made that 2002 had the same price as the 1600ti. The big difference was in your engine type 121 which means 121 cubic inches or 2 liters derived from its predecessor the 1.6 liter, 4 cylinder, installed at 30 degrees, the engine with aluminum alloy cylinder head, steel block has hemispherical combustion chambers designed for better mixing and efficient combustion, the camshaft in the cylinder head has a double chain of distribution and 8 valves, and the crankshaft has 5 bearings and gearbox 4 speed. The engine develops 100hp at 5500rpm and reaches 172 km / h, but more torque than the 1600ti. At the time its acceleration had his driving was very nice and quick. In July 1968, BMW offered as an option a box 5 speed for 2002 and Dirt Bike 1600ti, but the cost was too high for buyers. The last modified in August 1968 was in the braking system, which changed the system by a double circuit.
2002 was a great success in sales, which made BMW improve its performance, thus was born the version 2002ti (ti = international touring) which had two double carburetors, higher compression ratio, brake discs Dirt Bike larger diameter and 5-inch wheels, east of 120hp and top speed of 195 km / h. Also came with parking light and a larger capacity alternator.
January 1969, was created in 2002 automatic, with a 2 liter engine of 100hp, with a ZF three-speed automatic, simple carburetor, that in 13 seconds, 3.5 seconds slower than a 2002 manual, going from 100km/hy 0 to reach a maximum speed of 165km / h. In January 1971 he launched the 2002 cabriolet, 100hp with a simple carburetor Dirt Bike 4 speed manual gearbox. Designed by KarosserieBaur, who also had pending Targa version that was produced from June 1971. The 2002 cabriolet was on sale for six months and only 200 units were built in 2002 making it more exclusive
In the spring of 1971, a 2002 HubertHahne modified with permission from BMW for his wife, actress Diana K?rner, 2002 with the name Diana, only 12 units were made, they came painted in colors that were not in the catalogs BMW and also with different interiors. The conversion work was performed in Stuttgart by Baur, this version had power sunroof, Recaro front seats, four lamps of the BMW 2800, rearview mirror types Sebring, among other details like chrome-and leather-off to its very high cost .
second or MODEL 71 (1971-1973)
This generation does not have many differences from the first, externally defenses changed with the addition of a torus and a torus rubber on the sides to give continuity to the line of defenses, and already had a reclining chairs new design that provides more comfort cushions the occupants, the board changed needles and their designs were different line had lost 60 Another addition was the light of witness to the choke and the reserve tank of gasoline, also joined two speed wiper system. In September 1972 Series engine change from 121 to E12, with three hemispherical combustion chamber that had been used in the inline-6 ??engine, which provides better combustion.
replacement to 2002ti 2002tii model, i mean the second injection. In 1969, at the Frankfurt Motor Show, BMW launched its prototype 2002tii, however its production began two years later because they could not have a more advanced version that other market. The great development of the injection system, which provides better acceleration and power allowed BMW to sell their models without emission problems requiring U.S. authorities, the 2002tii has 130hp and goes from 0-100km / h in less than 9 seconds and reaches a top speed of 190km / h. Another advantage of the injection is compared to 2002ti economy and simple carburetor 2002. The 2002tii is distinguished from other models 02 by small details like tachometer, tires, sports leather steering wheel and electric fuel pump Bosch, also came with a speedometer 2002tii 220km/hy their signs in the shade and the back. For these reasons BMW with its Targa model provided a T-bar that protects passengers in the event of accidents, the name should Targa Porsche 911 Dirt Bike 1965 that was the first to use this kind of protection in their vehicles convertible. The sales were not comparable with the Cabriolet version of 2002 and it was more expensive. The 2002 Targa has 100hp, comes with 4-speed manual gearbox and simple carburetor, automatic or never existed tii versions.
Touring concept originated in 1967 with the BMW hatchback 1304GL, recently sold, and in April 1971 he returned to the idea based on the 2002 and BMW announced a third body, the Touring, with motor 2 liter available with single carburetor or injection tii, 130hp and 100hp respectively. At first there were designated 2002 because third door because the second referred to the two gates, logic would not call 2003 and went by the name 2000tii Touring 2000 Touring, until in December 1972 changed its name to 02 belong to the family `s, 2002tii Touring 2002 Touring. The concept of this design was because other automakers such as Volvo and Renault 1800ES with his R16, had their sports versions with higher load capacity and the same benefits. The touring is 8 inches or 20cm shorter than the car and offered with different engines 1600, 1800, 2000 (2002) and 2000 (2002) tii. These came with alloy wheels and sports seats Dirt Bike series. Between 1971 and 1973, BMW could not offer U.S. versions Cabriolet, Targa or Touring, only 2002tii with low compression ratio and EGR for emission controls which made these 2002 were less potent, are also more weighed by the shock absorbing system to make the defenses slower.
OR THIRD GENERATION MODEL 73 (1973-1976) [/ font]
In August 1973, the Frankfurt Motor Show, the launch of the third generation, keeping versions 2002, 2002 Auto, 2002 Targa, 2002tii, Touring 2002 2002tii Touring Dirt Bike, additionally announced a turbo version. The new generation is distinguished mainly by its new central shutter their black plastic sides, and its rectangular stops (except Touring round stop keeps original), black and shield wipers rear half of the trunk. Inside there are many changes, as the chairs the same as the 520, the board and its instruments, the door handles, the directional control shifted from right to left (because the standard of international standards) , redesigned headrests, among other details. offered an additional package for 2002 model called Lux ??(not available for Touring), more expensive, which included a different design from upholstery, center armrest in the rear seat, pockets in the doors panels, wooden doors and in the bottom of the board, retractable belts, leather sports steering wheel, rearview mirror day / night rear window defroster and intermittent wiper system. The BMW with this package comes back with a sign that has a letter L under the whole time 2002tii put fotoRara had created a car with so much controversy as the 2002 turbo had was extremely unfortunate fast BMW, this version was launched when the oil crisis began and was also criticized for its aggressive appearance inciting speed.
60's BMW knew the potential of your engine 2 liters was higher than that provided by the injected tii, is thought to increase the cubic capacity of 2002 but the engine designer Alex von Falkenhausen opposed, later BMW built a inline 6 engine that turned out to be too big for the body 2002. Then BMW decided turbocharge your 2002, not very conventional solution, which was developing a team competition, and at that time only be used in diesel vehicles. However the 270hp achieved by this team eventually convince Alex von Falkenhausen and in May 1970 they built the first 2002 turbo with 170hp, but production began in mid-1973. This model uses a mechanical injection Kugelfischer like the 2002tii and a KKK turbo, 7 psi, also has oil cooler, making it have the same benefits of a Porsche 911 from 0-100km / h in seven seconds and a maximum speed of 210km / h. The 2002 turbo is not easy to drive in traffic and wet roads, this is equipped with ventilated disc brakes 3.0CS same as the coupe, rear stabilizer bar, balancing valve for the brake system, higher final ratio transmission , larger gas tank capacity, speedometer 240km / h, its clock further pressure turbo, front sports seats. Outwardly has blue and red lines, rear spoiler and forth without defense but with a fiberglass spoiler with the number 2002 and turbo written backwards so that the car is going forward can read in his mirrors and know that car is going forward . Later in Frankfurt problems started, because the German government parliamentarian said that 2002 had a turbo and incited war paint to highway speed, making signs that were deleted were upside down vehicle. Only were white and gray (Polaris), there were 2002 turbo versions with right rudder and production was only 1672 units until December 1974.
[FONT = 'Times New Roman', 'serif'] 2002tii models for the United States between 1973 and 1976 had a 125hp engine and a longer aluminum defenses weighing 100lb, to absorb bumps at low speed required by the Federal authorities. As series 3 was not yet ready to enter the U.S. market, occurred in 2002-1976 and 2002 2002tii automatic versions, but these were not the last, due to the 2002 oil crisis a step motor 2 liters to 1.5 liters, creating the 1502, which was in production until July 1977